In Vitro fertilization techniques

Written by: Top Doctors®
Published:
Edited by: Top Doctors®

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the medical process that stimulates ovulation in women, by ensuring that, instead of producing an egg every month if they produce more (8 or 10). This is achieved by a daily treatment. In the moment in which the woman follicles (ie where there are ova) have an adequate size, these are extracted in the operating room under sedation. Later, in the laboratory, these ova are incubated and united to the man's sperm in order to generate the embryos. Our expert in assisted reproduction illustrates the characteristics of the FIV

The types of in vitro fertilization

There are 2 different procedures: one is the in vitro fertilization conventional that is based in uniting the spermatozoa together with the ova in order to allow to penetrate inside the egg; the other available procedure is as ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection), which is to select a sperm and insert it into the ovum. The latter procedure is newer and allows a better selection of sperm. Currently there is an even newer procedure and advanced ICSI and is called IMSI (intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection). Do not forget that the better is the quality of the sperm that is inserted into the ovum, more are the possibility to generate a good embryo and, therefore, to get pregnant. In addition, you must do comprehensive analysis of women and, especially, since this man has an important role in the in vitro fertilization process.

 

Who can appeal to the in vitro fertilization?

Any woman who produces ova can resort to this type of treatments. There is ample evidence that at a young age she has a greater number of ova and in good condition, and the later is the age of the woman the more there are fewer eggs and lower quality. The low number of ovules results in bad embryos and less chance of getting pregnant. You must consult your doctor before the 38-40 years since as of this age is significantly impairs the possibility of pregnancy with their own eggs and the only way to be successful is the technique of egg donation.

 

How likely is it to get pregnant through in vitro fertilization?

The chances of success are not 100% but stand at 70% in women 30 years and 15% in women 42 years with own eggs. Using eggs from a donor, however, the odds increase to 70-80%, without, however, be absolutely certain to get pregnant.

 

What are the key aspects of in vitro fertilization?

One of the most important factor is the age of the woman (the higher the age, and the less the chance of fertilization). It should also be given the full clinical study of women and men in order to determine the right treatment for the couple.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
 Redacción de Topdoctors

By Redacción de Topdoctors
Fertility Speacialty

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection


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