The diabetic foot is a set of pathological alterations which encompasses both the lack of blood supply to the limb, as the injury of nerve cords that transmit sensitivity to the foot, facilitating the degeneration of bones and infections of the skin and subcutaneous tissue injuries and very difficult to treat ulcers on the toes and the soles of the feet.
The decrease of the circulation in the arteries cause the foot receives less oxygen and nutrients, so that predispose to the decrease of neurological sensitivity deformity injuries, wounds and sores that become infected easily.
In the first phase, an alteration of the coloration of the skin and a decreased surface contact occurs. The patient also often suffered pain in the calves when walking or foot pain during night rest that is relieved by walking. You can also presented joint pain and bone in the foot by degeneration or infection of the bones of the foot.
After the phase alteration of coloration, ranging from pale to the chronic redness of the skin, disorders also observed in some, as these swell or fall and have small lesions under it and ulcers of various kinds which, in turn, lead to the bone fistulas. In this phase, the lack of response to treatment causes more or less extensive amputations.
First, you must control the possibility of developing diabetes. It is important to eliminate risk factors also cause atherosclerosis, such as hypertension, snuff and cholesterol, as their association strengthens the vascular aggression of diabetes. People with direct history of diabetes, are advised to at least a blood per year from age 50.
With regard to the prevention of the development of diabetic foot, if you know of arterial disease diabetic make you need to bring a strict hygiene feet, using moisturizers, controlling and using some comfortable shoes and wide to avoid cutaneous lesions friction and insensitivity.