The amnesia is a memory disorder that can result from various causes, among which are more common: the head injuries, as side effects of taking certain medications, a strong emotional impact associated with several diseases such as brain inflammation (encephalitis ), lack of oxygen to the brain, brain tumors, Alzheimer (which is a progressive dementia characterized by progressive loss of memory)... Besides, amnesia may be temporary ( transient amnesia), or permanent, and can be of two types, according to the symptoms they present: anterograde if causes trouble memorizing new information;or retrograde, characterized by forgetfulness of memories. On the other hand, consist paramesias recognition errors memories as reminiscence, called“& rdquo ;, dejavu or cryptomnesia, among others.

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