Fibroma

What is Fibroma?
Fibroma is a benign tumor of the fibrous connective tissue, which develops frequently in the female genital organs but can also be generated in the intestine, stomach and bones. On the basis of its conformation, the nodular fibroma is distinguished from the polypous fibroid, while on the basis of the consistency the hard fibroma differs from the soft fibroma. In general, the fibroma manifests itself more in children than in adults, has the characteristic to develop slowly and only in very rare cases evolves into a malignant form.
What are the symptoms?
Since the Fibroma can affect different organs, the symptoms are different according to its type. However, in most cases, fibroids are asymptomatic and are identified by specific examinations. Only in the case of uterine (Fibromioma) and ovarian (Leiomyoma) forms, various symptoms may arise such as anemia, dysmenorrhea, frequent need to urinate, constipation and compression pain on nearby organs.
What are the causes?
The causes of the fibroma are still unknown: some hypotheses have been put forward on genetic predisposition, but to date no theory has been confirmed.
What is the treatment?
As for the symptoms, the treatments also vary depending on the type of fibroma and the severity of the same. The procedures can be of a pharmacological type, used in the majority of cases, and of a surgical type, a priority in the case of fibroids to the genital organs in women in the fertile period. In general, anti-inflammatory, anti-haemorrhagic and hormonal therapies are used in pharmacological treatment; however these drugs do not guarantee complete recovery of the patient, but only an improvement of the symptoms. As a surgical treatment in the case of fibroids of the genital organs of women in the fertile period, in addition to total removal or part of the organ affected by the fibroma, embolization is an effective therapy: minimally invasive technique performed under local anesthesia, is able to in fact to eliminate both the symptoms and the fibroid itself.

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